How Does the Metaverse Work?

How Does the Metaverse Work

What is The Metaverse?

The Metaverse is a ‘virtual world’ where users can interact, shop, play games and work online using avatars. The Metaverse utilizes virtual and augmented reality to provide incredible virtual experiences to its users. 

The term ‘Metaverse’ was coined by Neal Stephenson in 1992. His book Snow Crash outlined a prediction of the future where users were represented by avatars and were able to interact in a virtual world. It even featured digital currencies, which are gaining in popularity today. 

His predictions were surprisingly accurate, as this next generation of internet mainly consists of digital currencies and much more. Fast forward to today, and tech giants such as Meta, Microsoft, and NVIDIA have dedicated themselves to developing the Metaverse.

After Facebook’s announcement about changing its name to Meta, many have been wondering how does the Metaverse work? The concept is still in its infancy; however, many companies are working on creating immersive virtual experiences for their users.

The global VR market is expected to reach $12 billion by 2022. The Metaverse has also created numerous opportunities for individuals to work and earn within the virtual realm. 

With all the hype around the Metaverse, many big brands such as Gucci and Nike have created virtual spaces for users to interact, play and make purchases for digital and real-life products. 

how does the metaverse work

How Does the Metaverse Work?

In order to understand how the Metaverse works, you first need to understand the basic concepts behind the Metaverse.

Considered to be “the future of social media,” the Metaverse covers many broad aspects of virtual experiences, such as gaming, virtual events, social interactions, and much more. 

There are two key components that play a crucial role in how the Metaverse works: virtual reality, and virtual economics. Let’s see how these two are related to the Metaverse.

The Role of Virtual Reality in the Metaverse

Using VR, individuals can step into a virtual world with a 360-degree vision, where they can view stunning landscapes, explore vast new places, attend social events such as virtual concerts, and much more.

By utilizing VR users can create their own avatars, or digital representations of themselves, and explore the metaverse. They can also create and share digital content, such as 3D models and animations.

Virtual reality is crucial in making the entire Metaverse experience more immersive, as it blurs the lines between the real and virtual worlds. 

Virtual Economies in The Metaverse

Each Metaverse also has its in-game digital currency, which can be used to buy or sell digital products. For example, the Sandbox has SAND, Decentraland uses MANA, etc. Users can exchange these currencies for real-life money at cryptocurrency exchanges such as Binance, Coinbase, and more. Users can connect their wallets to these platforms to start making transactions.

Most Metaverse platforms allow users to buy, sell and create digital assets. Each platform provides development tools that users can use to create virtual environments and much more!

Real estate in the Metaverse is extremely popular nowadays, with many investors seeking to get significant returns on their investments within the virtual space. One of the most expensive land parcels sold to date was for $4.3 million in the Sandbox Metaverse.

Celebrities like Snoop Dogg and Paris Hilton have also purchased land within the Metaverse. They intend to launch their Metaverses to connect with their fans. Users can enter these Metaverses to play games, purchase accessories, and interact with other like-minded individuals virtually.

Different Types of Metaverses

There are primarily two types of Metaverses, i.e., Centralized and Decentralized. Before selecting a Metaverse, it is essential to understand the difference between both. 

  1. Centralized Metaverses offer users a chance to interact and share experiences, but they do not have the freedom to control their environment. A single entity runs the entire virtual space, and they have its own set of policies that would have to be followed to be a part of that world. One of the most famous examples of this type of Metaverse is Roblox.
  2. Decentralized Metaverses offer much more flexibility in terms of user freedom. The power to make decisions is passed on to the community. Owners of land within Decentralized Metaverses can shape their environments, buy and sell their assets and much more. Examples of decentralized metaverses include the Sandbox, Decentraland, and much more.


What Companies Are Working On The Metaverse

Several companies are working on developing infrastructure for the Metaverse. These companies are working relentlessly to be a part of this incredible digital revolution. There are different niches for companies to work on the Metaverse. For example, companies can focus on creating 3D development tools, new metaverses, improving VR/AR headsets, establishing virtual economies, and much more.

If you’re wondering who is working on the Metaverse, we’ve listed some of the top ones below: 

  • Meta: Meta has silently been making strategic acquisitions to cement its position as a major player in the Metaverse. One of their earliest acquisitions was VR company Oculus for $2 billion in 2014.  

The company is building its Metaverse called Horizon Worlds, where users can interact, attend virtual events, and more. Users utilize avatars to move around the Metaverse to explore different areas and meet new people. 

In terms of hardware development, the company is also researching sensor-based systems to make the Metaverse experience more interactive. This includes haptic gloves, AI-Based Skin, more immersive VR headsets, and more.

  • NVIDIA: Even though NVIDIA is widely known for its graphical processing units, the company has been making huge waves within the Metaverse space for its 3D Design Collaboration Platform, Omniverse.

The platform helps developers utilize pre-built templates to create 3D designs and scalable systems. It also has several features that allow users to share their work and collaborate effectively, thus enhancing productivity.

Large companies such as Lockheed Martin and BMW are already testing their Omniverse to create virtual replicas of real-life objects and processes. This allows them to maximize their factory workflows and achieve better results. 

  • Microsoft: Microsoft has adopted a different approach towards the Metaverse by focusing their efforts on what they call ‘Mixed  Reality’. The company has been working on reshaping the exciting world of Augmented Reality.

Their HoloLens allows users to superimpose virtual images onto their real-life surroundings. Many large companies such as Heinz and Kawasaki are already testing the HoloLens in their factories to help solve supply chain problems, increase overall efficiency, and much more!

  • Unity: Known previously for their games, many companies prefer the game engine Unity as it is easier to find skilled talent to develop solutions within it. The engine allows an “out of the box” way of thinking and helps users interact with the Metaverse.

This gaming engine aims to help developers create 3D content for different Metaverses. End users wear VR headsets to experience the other features the software engineers develop. 

Unity will be highly instrumental in metaverse development as it allows developers to create and edit Metaverse surroundings and assets within 3D.

man in black jacket and blue denim jeans with white and black panda mask



Remember, the Metaverse is still rapidly evolving. There are many unknowns since the technology just hasn’t caught up yet. However, with the hype around the Metaverse and the mass adoption of cryptocurrencies worldwide, the exciting possibilities within the Metaverse space seem more achievable than ever. We hope this article has helped explain how the Metaverse works. 


  • How Do I Enter the Metaverse?

First, select a Metaverse platform such as the Sandbox and sign up as a user. You can then begin customizing your avatar. Once your avatar is ready, you can step into the virtual world to start creating new experiences.

  • What are the Benefits of Buying Land within the Metaverse?

Virtual real estate is extremely popular nowadays, and users can buy them to sell it for profit. Other benefits include having your own ‘land’ within the Metaverse, where you can shape your experiences and connect with others.

  • Do you need VR to enter the Metaverse?

While you do not necessarily need a VR headset to enter most Metaverses, you will only be able to experience the truly immersive nature of the 3D virtual space once you use the headset to enter.

Jack Boreham

Jack Boreham

Jack Boreham is the editorial director and account executive at the Metaverse Insider: the leading metaverse publication globally. Jack has been at the forefront of the platform's growth as a metaverse specialist -writing and advising projects in the Metaverse space for over two years.

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